Polio vaccine
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A mystery with enormous implications has stumped some of the smartest minds in cancer research. How, might a cancer-causing monkey virus, wind up in human tumors?  The mystery began in 1988 with Dr. Michael Carbone. He found the SV40 virus in 60% of the human lung tumors he was studying, (SV40 stands for Simian Virus the 40th virus found). Eventually, sixty different labs confirmed the results.


In the same year in Boston, two researchers stumbled onto something disturbing. Dr. Robert Garcea and his assistant, Dr. John Bergsagel, were using a powerful new tool called polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, to look for a pair of common human viruses in children's brain tumors. But a different DNA footprint kept popping up in more than half the tumors. They finally realized they were seeing SV40. For more than a decade, scientists had reported sporadic findings of SV40-like proteins in human tumors. But the earlier tests were primitive and the results suspect. PCR, however, is capable of amplifying infinitesimal fragments of DNA, which makes detections far more credible. The findings were troubling. The researchers noted in their published report that the children were too young to have received the contaminated vaccine. But somehow the virus had infected them and embedded itself in their tumors. 

PCR unleashed a wave of SV40 discoveries. By the end of 1996, dozens of scientists reported finding SV40 in a variety of bone cancers and a wide range of brain cancers, which had risen 30 percent over the previous 20 years. Then, Italian researchers reported finding SV40 in 45 percent of the seminal fluid samples and 23 percent of the blood samples they had taken from healthy donors. That meant SV40 could have been spreading through sexual activity, from mother to child, or by other means, which could explain how those never inoculated with the contaminated vaccine, such as the Boston children, were being infected.

The Oral Sabin Polio vaccine is cultured in monkey kidney tissue. Vaccine makers insist every batch of Polio vaccine is screened for contaminants such as SV40.  But a lawyer involved in a recent Polio case just published a report claiming the contamination continues. "Many here voice a silent view that the Salk and Sabin Polio vaccine, being made of monkey kidney tissue has been directly responsible for the major increase in Leukemia in this country,” states Dr. Frederick Klenner Polio Researcher, USA. This disease hardly occurs in the West anymore. However, it seems the days of Polio are still with us. Not in the form of acute viral outbreaks of fever and paralysis, but in the  unexplored statistics on the long-term effects from the viral contaminated Polio vaccines given to countless children and adults three decades ago. What other undetectable monkey viruses have been transmitted in the vaccine batches lately? These unanswered questions continue to resurface in today's research and still riddle retired scientist Ben Sweet. As a senior research scientist for a major pharmaceutical company from 1959 to 1964, Dr. Sweet was one of those responsible for the research, development and field-testing of the killed Polio virus vaccine.   As many as twenty six of the Simian contaminants were readily detected but still other viruses, like SV40 slipped past rigorous quality control testing procedures available at that time.

Four years after the development of the Salk vaccine, Bernice Eddy of the National Institutes of Health discovered the contamination of the vaccine with SV40. she noticed something strange while looking through her microscope. Monkey kidney cells, the same kind used to make the vaccine. were dying without apparent cause. So she tried an experiment. She prepared kidney extracts from eight to ten rhesus monkeys and injected tiny amounts under the skin of twenty-three new born hamsters. Within nine months, ‘large, malignant, subcutaneous tumors’ appeared on twenty of the animals. On July 6, 1960, concerned that a monkey virus might be contaminating the polio vaccine, Eddy took her findings to Dr. Joseph Smadel, chief of the NIH’s biologics division. Smadel dismissed the tumors as harmless ‘lumps.’ The same year, however, at a Merck laboratory in Pennsylvania, Dr. Maurice Hilleman (don't miss this video) and Dr. Ben Sweet isolated the virus. They called it simian virus 40, or SV40, because it was the 40th virus found in rhesus kidney tissue.

In the aftermath of the debacle, Bernice Eddy was taken off of polio research and transferred to the influenza section by the thankless NIH management. She shared her frustrations with a small group of women scientists who ate brown-bag lunches on the steps of one of the laboratories. There, Eddy met a tenacious woman scientist named Sarah Stewart, who was waging her own battle against the official paradigms of bureaucratic medicine. Bernice Eddy and Sarah Stewart became close friends. Sarah Stewart’s name remains virtually unknown today despite her huge contribution to modern medicine. Not only did she prove that some cancers were caused by viruses, but subsequent research on the virus she discovered led o the discovery of DNA recombination, which is the most powerful tool in medical research today. From the beginning, Sarah Stewart promoted the idea that cancer was caused by viruses. Due to this, she was not well accepted by the NIH or NCI staffs who described her as ‘an eccentric lady’ determined to prove her theory was right. ‘No one believed her .’ Finally, she was given access to an NCI laboratory in Bethesda where she could try to prove her theories. In 1953, she almost succeeded, but her work was not accepted by the ruling crowd at NIH. They found her methods sloppy and objected to the fact that she did not culture her viruses. So in 1956, her lunch partner Bernice Eddy showed Sarah Stewart how to grow her viruses in a culture of mouse cells. She now had all the ingredients she needed and began a series of experiments which are called ‘classic’ by modern day NIH researchers. In 1957, Stewart and Eddy discovered the polyoma virus which produced several types of cancer in a variety of small mammals. Polyoma proved that some cancers were indeed caused by viruses. Her discovery officially threw open the doors of cancer virology. As Rabson phrased it, ‘Suddenly, the whole place just exploded after Sarah found polyoma.’ It was the beginning of a new era of hope. But it raised some dark questions about earlier deeds. Before long Yale’s laboratory discovered that the polyoma virus that had produced the cancer in Stewart’s mice and hamsters turned out to be virtually identical to Simian Virus #40 (SV-40). In October 1960, Eddy gave a talk to the Cancer Society in New York and, without warning NIH in advance, announced that she had examined cells from the monkeys kidneys in which the polio virus was grown and had found they were infected with cancer causing viruses. Her inference was clear: There were cancer-causing monkey viruses in the polio vaccine. She warned  an epidemic of cancer in America was in the making. When the word got back to her NIH bosses, they exploded in anger. When the cussing stopped, they crushed Bernice Eddy professionally. Any mention of cancer-causing monkey viruses in the polio vaccine was not welcomed by NIH. They took away her lab, destroyed her animals, put her under a gag order, prevented her from attending professional meetings, and delayed publication of her scientific paper. In the words of Edward Shorter, author of The Health Century, ‘Her treatment became a scandal within the scientific community.’ Later, it became the subject of a congressional inquiry. In the words of Dr. Lawrence Kilham, a fellow NIH researcher who wrote a latter of protest to the Surgeon General’s office, ‘the presence of a cancer virus in the polio virus vaccine is the matter demanding full investigation.

Dr. Adi Gazdar of the University of Texas, who led the second study, said  it had to be more than coincidence that the four types of tumors found in hamsters after injection with SV40, brain, bone, mesothelioma and lymphomas, are now exactly the same tumor types in humans found with detectable levels of SV40.

Text Box:   Dr. Sweet said, “It was a frightening discovery because, back then, it was not possible to detect the virus with the testing procedures we had.  The Simian Viruses were inadvertently introduced into the vaccine pool because the Polio virus was grown in monkey (Rhesus, Patas, or Cynomolgus) kidney cells.”  In his 1960 paper, The Vacuolating Virus: SV40, Sweet and co-author M.R. Hilleman wrote, "This new virus represents the detection for the first time of a hitherto non-detectable Simian Virus of monkey renal cultures and raises the important question of the existence of other such viruses.” Sweet says there were two things that the research team had determined: "First, we knew that SV40 had cancer-causing properties in hamsters which was bad news. Secondly, we found out that it hybridized with certain DNA viruses, like Adeno virus.”  When you introduce unstable animal viruses into man, there is a risk of recombinant (the formation of new combinations of linked genes) events occurring which can produce new kinds of diseases. 

For example the Adeno virus would then have SV40 genes attached to it. All three types of Sabin's live Poliovirus vaccine were contaminated. There were specific laboratory difficulties associated with Adeno virus, now carrying an attached form of SV40.  Sweet describes, "When we started growing the vaccines, we just couldn't get rid of the SV40-contaminated virus. We tried to neutralize it, but couldn't. Either Adeno or SV40 would come out down the line.  It was too late to switch gears and start using raccoon or chicken systems, because then you could be dealing with another whole set of viruses.” 

To some, the term "contaminated" carries with it intent of malice, but Dr. Sweet says this is clearly not the case. Sweet noted that persons fed live SV40 contaminated Poliovirus vaccine orally, or inactivated Salk-type vaccine intramuscularly, showed strong evidence of antibody production to Polioviruses.  In addition, the vaccine recipients were not showing significant harmful effects or antibody production, in the short term, to SV40, which was encouraging. By 1968, all sorts of viruses, Adenovirus, Papovaviruses (there are 120 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) identified. HPV causes essentially all cervical cancer and anogenital warts. HPV is a DNA tumor virus similar to SV40 and polyomavirus), Herpes viruses, Poxviruses, Picornaviruses, Enteroviruses, Myxoviruses and Reoviruses had been discovered. Additional overlooked viral contaminants included Epstein Barr commonly called mononucleosis and Simian Cytomegalovirus. Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading cause of congenital deafness, blindness, mental retardation, and seizures secondary to  maternal infection and accounts for disease in 40,000 infants per year in the United States.  Simian foamy retroviruses were also found and that included the unique AIDS-linked enzyme "reverse transcriptase."  The virus numbers were up to SV59. 

Hilleman would later explain that government officials were worried that any potentially negative information could ignite a panic and jeopardize the vaccination campaign.  With the exception of viral vaccines, no pharmaceutical product intended for human use requires the use of simian cultures.  The cross-species cultivation of vaccines is clearly laden with risks, risks that may be irreversible, carrying consequences too great to endure. The fact that the original vaccines were contaminated and current Polio vaccines are still grown on African Green Monkey tissues is just one more indication that government vaccine officials have created dangerous public health policies.

Some doctors are of the belief that Polio has not been eradicated by vaccination, that it is lurking behind a redefinition and new diagnostic names like Viral or Aseptic Meningitis. As the recorded cases of "Polio" continued to decline, there was a significant increase in "Cerebral palsy" or "Aseptic (Viral) Meningitis" and "Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

 For example, in Los Angeles County in 1955, reported cases of Polio numbered 273. Reported cases of Aseptic Meningitis, which has a clinical course similar to Polio, were 50. The Polio vaccine was introduced in 1956. In 1966, reported cases of Polio had dropped to 50, however, cases of aseptic Meningitis had risen to 256. It is possible that now that vaccines are widely available, only infections with classical symptoms are diagnosed and counted in compiling disease rates, artificially lowering reported incidence. (Miller, 1994).

Take a look aText Box:  t the definitions from Encarta for Polio then compare them to Meningitis.





Polio as defined by Encarta:

Early symptoms include fatigue, headache, fever, vomiting, constipation, stiffness of the neck, or less commonly, diarrhea and pain in the extremities.

Meningitis as defined by Encarta:

Lethargy, severe headache, high fever vomiting, stiff neck, back pain, muscle aches, sensitivity of the eyes to light, drowsiness, confusion, and even loss of consciousness. Some children have convulsions. In infants, the symptoms of Meningitis are often more difficult to detect and may include irritability and loss of appetite. 

 Since 1979 the vaccine caused the only known cases of Polio. On June 17, 1999 government officials voted for exclusive use of the inactivated Poliovirus vaccine. There is hope this vaccination can be abandoned world wide soon.  Check out the new hope.....

Read an excerpt from a talk by Kihura Nkuba a radio show host in Africa. He found out about how dangerous this vaccine is. Click Here

Don't miss this FDA sponsored workshop and the discussions on rogue virus in the vaccines.

Here is an excellent article I just found on yet another monkey virus. This one causes Kaposi's sarcoma other wise known as the gay cancer.  Its by Dr Alan Cantwell, M.D and appears on Rense.com. Kaposi's sarcoma to read it.

Don't miss Neil Z. Miller's article on polio, its excellent.



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